Alternativas. Cuadernos de Trabajo Social

Trabajo Social y activismo digital: sororidad, interseccionalidad, homofilia y polarización en el movimiento #MeToo

Joaquín Castillo de Mesa, Chaime Marcuello-Servós, Antonio López Peláez, Paula Méndez Domínguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/ALTERN2021.28.2.09

Resumen

Introducción. El Trabajo Social se enfrenta actualmente al importante desafío de lidiar con las redes sociales - que se han convertido en un universo paralelo de socialización  - en las que se está produciendo un activismo digital cada vez mayor. El movimiento #MeToo se destaca como un referente mundial. Se ha consolidado como un movimiento feminista digital global que lucha contra el acoso y el maltrato a las mujeres. Metodología. Adoptando una perspectiva de Trabajo Social, se realizó un análisis longitudinal del movimiento #MeToo en Twitter entre 2018-2019, basado en el análisis de redes sociales y la netnografía, junto con algoritmos específicos. Resultados. Los resultados mostraron patrones significativos de sororidad, homofilia y polarización afectiva a través de las cámaras de eco y de los filtros burbuja que se identificaron en las comunidades de Twitter detectadas. Además, estas comunidades en línea reflejaban características reales fuera de línea (ubicación geográfica, afinidades, similitudes). Discusión y conclusiones. El efecto global y la durabilidad del movimiento #MeToo han llevado a una nueva comprensión de los movimientos sociales en la era digital. Los trabajadores sociales no deben desaprovechar las oportunidades que surgen de la digitalización. Deben combatir la homofilia y la polarización de la sociedad global en las redes sociales, promoviendo valores orientados a la tolerancia de la diversidad. Los profesionales deben mostrar conciencia e intervenir de manera proactiva en las esferas digitales globales para comprender, reflejar y promover la justicia social, la igualdad de derechos y el empoderamiento de las personas desfavorecidas, vulnerables y oprimidas.

Palabras clave

sororidad; interseccionalidad; homofilia; polarización; activismo digital

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/ALTERN2021.28.2.09





Copyright (c) 2021 Joaquín Castillo de Mesa, Chaime Marcuello-Servós, Antonio López Peláez, Paula Méndez Domínguez

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